Mushrooms will be the exposed fleshly fruiting body of some natural fungi which are widely distributed with a wide selection of shape, color, and sizes. The plants are very wealthy in protein, vitamins, essential amino-acids, and carbohydrates. Mushrooms are lower in fat and the fiber is starch-free.
Mushroom production is very different from growing the other existing green plants; the reason being it does not contain any chlorophyll and therefore rely on other plants material, the substrate for food.
Growing mushrooms needs a good knowledge and some skill but the advantages far overshadow the efforts involved.
Steps in mushroom production
1. Choosing a growing medium 2.Pasteurizing or sterilizing the medium 3.Seeding the beds with spawn (material from mature mushrooms grown on sterile media 4.Maintaining optimal temperature, moisture, and other conditions for mycelium growth and the problems that favors fruiting 5.Harvesting, packaging, and selling the mushrooms 6.Clearing the facility and beginning again.
The most effective mushrooms to be produced
White mushrooms: – like all mushrooms, grow from microscopic spores, not seeds. Spores to be used must be collected in the nearly sterile environment and then used to inoculate grains or seeds to produce spawn(the spawn is much like seed that produce mushroom),because mushrooms don’t have any chlorophyll, they should get all their nutrients from organic matter in their growing medium called substrate usually formulated of numerous materials such as straws, cotton seed, gypsum, corn cobs, cocoa seed hulls, etc. the substrate is where the mushrooms will fruit and must be sterilized or pasteurized in order to destroy any fungal or bacterial competitors.
Preparation of the substrate takes about 1-2 weeks. The spawn worked in to the substrate and the growing take place in specially constructed houses, where heat and humidity can be regulated. In 2-3 weeks, the substrate becomes filled with the basis structure of the mushroom called mycelium. Buy Lsd Gel Online At the period, peat moss is spread on the compost the temperature and humidity of the room must be carefully controlled in order for the mycelium to develop fully. Eventually, tiny white protrusions form on the mycelium through peat moss called pinning.The pins continue to grow, becoming the mushroom caps, which will be the fruit of the plants. It will take 17-25days to produce mature mushrooms following the peat moss is applied. Sizes are no indication of maturity in mushrooms. Ripe ones vary from small buttons to large caps. Each crop is harvested over an amount of several weeks. The harvested mushrooms are emerge carts, refrigerators, and then packaged and shipped quickly to food processors, supermarkets, and restaurants. All the method from the full time of preparing the substrate till the mushrooms harvested and shipped takes about 3 months.
Oyster mushrooms: – they need more humidity and outdoors than the white variety. They grow well on a selection of agricultural and wood waste products including hardwood chips, chopped cereal straws or corn cobs. Following the growing medium is pasteurized and cooled, then inoculate, that is mixed with spawn and packed in to a plastic bags. Holes are punched in the bags to permit the mycelia to breathe and the bags are hung up or set on racks in the growing rooms. After about 14 days, the mushrooms pop out through the holes and can be harvested.
Shiitake mushrooms: – are grown on logs, either inside or outside. They can be grown on compressed sawdust logs or in bottles or bags. The logs are carefully handled to avoid soil contact and harm to the bark, which will assist you to prevent contamination by competing fungi. Inoculate the logs with spawn, after inoculation; the spawn develops a thread-like network called mycelium growing throughout the log. During this period, you need to protect the logs from dehydration by sunlight and wind. Spray or mist the logs to steadfastly keep up the humidity necessary to help keep the mycelium alive and growing. The mycelium will initiate tiny pinheads at the surface of the log. The pinheads grow into mushrooms within the next couple of days. Harvest must be done after to earn the very best price for the mushrooms.